Welcome to DotObject’s documentation!

DotObject: Dot lets you define objects in dot notation format with save and load methods.

Compatibility: Python 2.7, 3.3, 3.4, 3.5


Install from PyPi:

pip install dotobject

DotObject 1.0.0

Subclass Dot to use this module

class dot.Dot(root_name=None, int_starts_with='i')

Dot Notation Object.

Dot lets you define objects in dot notation format and load/save them to external resource when needed.


Dot Notation object was originally designed to be the base library for a Redis client for Python. Thus the names ‘load’ and ‘save’ come from. The idea was to have python object that simply by writing obj.item=”value”, it sets the redis key “obj.item” with “value” value. And as soon as it detects you are retrieving the value, it gets the latest version from Redis. But in the mean time, it gives you a lazy object till it actually needs the value from Redis.

So the Dot notation object is basically a lazy object that once its “load” and “save” methods are defined, it will run those methods when the object is saved or retrieved.


root_name : String, Optional.
It is used to overwrite the Dot object root name.
int_starts_with: String, Optional. Default: i
It is used to idefntify integer parts since Python does not let integers as attributes.


A lazy object that will be evaluated when it is actually used.


Defining your own Dot
>>> from dot import Dot
>>> class This(Dot):
...     def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
...         super(This, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
...         self.items = {}
...     def load(self, paths):
...         return {i: self.items[i] if i in self.items else "value %s" % i for i in paths}
...     def save(self, path, value):
...         self.items[path] = value
Creating a Dot object
>>> this = This()
>>> aa = this.part1.part2.part3.part4
>>> aa
<Lazy object: this.part1.part2.part3.part4>
>>> print(aa)
value this.part1.part2.part3.part4
>>> aa
value this.part1.part2.part3.part4
Dot objects get evaluated in a batch
>>> this = This()
>>> aa = this.part1
>>> aa
<Lazy object: this.part1>
>>> bb = this.part2
>>> bb
<Lazy object: this.part2>
>>> print(aa)
value this.part1
>>> aa
value this.part1
>>> bb
value this.part2
Dealing with paths that have integers as a part
>>> bb = this.part1.part2.i120
>>> bb
<Lazy object: this.part1.part2.120>
>>> print bb
value this.part1.part2.120
Dealing with Dots like dictionary keys
>>> cc = this['part1.part2.part4']
>>> cc
<Lazy object: this.part1.part2.part4>
>>> dd = this['part1.%s.part4' % 100]
>>> dd
<Lazy object: this.part1.100.part4>
Saving Dots
>>> this.part1.part2.part3.part4 = "new value"
>>> zz = this.part1.part2.part3.part4
>>> zz
new value
Changing Root name
>>> class That(This):
...    pass
>>> that = That()
>>> aa = that.something
>>> print(aa)
value that.something
>>> bb = this.something
>>> bb
<Lazy object: this.something>
Flushing cache
>>> aa = this.part1
>>> print aa
value this.part1
>>> bb = this.part1 # reads from the cache
>>> this.flush()
>>> bb = this.part1 # Will evaluate this.part1 again

Emptys the Dot cache


Must be implemented by subclasses. All Dot objects are lazy loaded. Once the object needs to actually be used, it gets evaluated. The load method here is what is used to evaluate a batch of object paths.


paths : List of paths.
The load method should get a list of paths to be loaded and return a dictionary of {path: value}
save(path, value)

Must be implemented by subclasses.

The save method is called to save a value for a path.


path : String.

value: Can be any Python object.

Indices and tables